Welcome to EU-GCC

EU-GCC Trade and Business Cooperation Facility aims at lifting business
and trade between the EU and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.

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Startup MENA

Workshops and match-making events between startups, SME’s and corporates in the EU and the GCC


What is EU-GCC

EU-GCC Trade and Business Cooperation Facility aims at lifting business and trade between the EU and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Through mutual understanding and dialogue, the EU-GCC initiative will accelerate the creation of stronger business-to-business linkages, while simultaneously facilitating a stronger policy dialogue between the private and the public sectors in the EU and GCC countries.

Primary objectives of the project

Increase trade

Increase trade and investment opportunities through enhancing policy dialogues between EU and GCC policy makers and business communities

Establish closer links

Establish an EU-GCC trade and business facility that will serve to forge closer links between the business communities in the EU and GCC

Remove regulatory obstacles

Work to remove regulatory obstacles by introducing a wide range of demand driven activities

Latest news


Roundtable on Promoting Innovation and Knowledge Economy in the GCC -Part 1

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When it comes to building the knowledge economy, the GCC is one of the most ambitious regions in the world. As part of their diversification strategies, GCC countries are investing heavily in the infrastructure necessary to create knowledge economies[1] driven by innovation rather than hydrocarbon exports. Most GCC countries have impressive future-oriented national economic strategies that aim at building innovation clusters, enabling finance and venture capital, building R&D capacity and attract highly skilled foreign experts.

Innovation is a top priority in the GCC national strategies

Realizing the importance of diversifying away from oil, several GCC countries during the 2000s introduced dramatic policy reforms with a special focus on developing human capital and knowledge economy infrastructure. The objective was to transform their economies into global powerhouses competing with the United States and Singapore. In achieving this goal, almost all GCC countries followed the top-down “Silicon Valley innovation cluster” strategy, which aims at building a critical mass of research labs, talented entrepreneurs, venture capital and innovators who would interact and build knowledge products.

Saudi Arabia with its five-year plans, increased spending on education on all levels and opened one of the largest universities in the world, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in 2009 with an endowment at 20 billion US dollars. The ambition with KAUST was to become a world-class scientific research institution.

Qatar also aims at diversifying its economy through innovation and entrepreneurship and has built a massive Education City with supporting infrastructure for R&D and private sector hi-tech firms through the Qatar Foundation (QF consists of 80 centers that are dedicated to education, research and innovation).

Likewise, the UAE, with major projects like Dubai TechnoPark and Masdar City project, is also building a knowledge economy from the top down. In October 2014, the UAE announced a National Innovation Strategy that aims at turning the country into a global innovation leader with a focus on seven sectors (renewable energy, transport, education, health technology, water and space).[2]

Unlike its neighbours Bahrain has opted for a mix between top down and bottom up approaches with its recent National Research Strategy from 2014. The strategy was formulated with input from the private sector and key stakeholders and will focus on three priority service sectors that build upon Bahrain’s relevant human capital strengths: the finance sector, ICT sector and health services.

Evaluating Progress: Innovation Performance of GCC countries in rankings

Global ranking indicators position GCC countries in the top 30 percent of the global standings. Compared with other MENA countries, GCC countries outpace their Arab neighbours.

The table below provides an overview of selected indicators.

  World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) [3] World Bank Doing Business Index [4] Global Innovation Index [5] Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) [6]
Bahrain 44 53 59 43
Kuwait 40 86 77 37
Oman 46 66 69 39
Qatar 16 50 50 24
Saudi Arabia 24 49 43 31
UAE 12 22 47 20

The indicators vary widely in scope and focus. The World Bank’s Doing Business Index focuses on regulatory conditions, while the WEF’s Global Competitiveness Index ranks countries along 12 pillars that include among other things infrastructure, education, macroeconomic environment and technological readiness sub-indices. The Global Innovation Index and GEDI both attempt at measuring the knowledge economy directly.

UAE, Qatar and Saudi Arabia perform best under the GCI, which takes into account the massive physical infrastructure and public investments in education. Under GCI Kuwait and Oman, receive high marks for economic stability and institutions, but score low on innovative activity. On the other hand, while Bahrain has a low overall score it scores high on innovation related indicators such as the quality and reach of its skills-training programs.

The innovation focused GII that was published in September 2015, gives Saudi Arabia, UAE and Qatar strong marks noting that the countries have begun to diversify their economies and that they have introduced innovation in new sectors.

Future challenges

While GCC countries have achieved impressive results in their innovation strategies, they still face the challenge of sustaining and expanding their successes. The successes depend on translating the visionary strategies into effective policies that can create self-sustaining innovation ecosystems.

History has shown that the world’s most successful innovation hubs in Silicon Valley and Singapore took decades to build and long-term commitment is key to build knowledge economies.

Likewise, grand ambition and billions in investment capital are insufficient by themselves and building utopian green field projects from scratch is more difficult in practice. Both Saudi Arabia’s KAUST project and the UAE’s Masdar City are encountering these challenges.

 Roundtable Focus – The agenda

The EU-GCC Trade and Business Cooperation Facility, in partnership with the BCCI, is organizing a roundtable on November 2 2015.

This roundtable will focus on how GCC countries can strengthen innovation linkages between the different stakeholders such as universities, private-sector institutions, multinational corporations, and the public sector.

The roundtable will include presentations by representatives from GCC governmental bodies and EU/GCC academia, who will shed light on innovation policy and development of GCC national talent. Likewise, the programme will include business cases from EU and GCC private sector bodies that engage in innovation.

Roundtable Results – Expected Recommendations

The roundtable will seek to select issues to be further developed by a joint Policy Advocacy task force in the following areas:

  1. How can GCC countries translate a culture of innovation into long-term business benefits?
  2. How can the private sector accelerate development of innovation?
  3. How can GCC countries promote research careers domestically in order to support local talents?
  4. How can Bahrain achieve its unique selling point in industrial innovation? Should it focus on “strengthening the strengths” approach or to “differentiate from others”?


[1] The term “knowledge economy” is defined as a society where wealth is created by production, distribution and use of knowledge and information as opposed being based on to primarily natural resources, physical capital and low skill labour.

[2] Arabian Business, “UAE launches plan to be ‘among the most innovative nations in the world’ within 7yrs” October 19, 2014 http://www.arabianbusiness.com/uae-launches-plan-be-among-most-innovative-nations-in-world-within-7yrs-568451.html#.VhOwJ_ntlBc

[3] WEF The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015 http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2014-15.pdf

[4] WB Doing Business 2015: Going Beyond Efficiency http://www.doingbusiness.org/reports/global-reports/doing-business-2015

[5] The Global Innovation Index 2015, Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). https://www.globalinnovationindex.org/content/page/gii-full-report-2015/

[6] The Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute http://thegedi.org/2015-global-entrepreneurship-index/

Mega Market Explorer Tour Europe 2015

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In the late summer and fall of 2015, our partners at Venture Scout along with Startup Bootcamp are hosting a tour of informal sessions on the Gulf market’s potential.

The sessions will take place in Berlin, Brussels, and Rome from late August to late October.

Swing by and get insights into the next mega market and why startups from Europe should look to expand their business activities.

Get all the details from our calender. We look forward to see you!


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About  the EU-GCC

The Confederation of Danish Industry, BUSINESSEUROPE, VentureScout and the Federation of GCC Chambers have won the project under the European Union Foreign Policy Instrument. The purpose of the project is to strengthen the GCC-EU sustainable trade, investment, and business cooperation by building stronger business-to-business linkages and enhancing the policy dialogue between the GCC and EU countries.

The project’s partners will hold a number of roundtables in the GCC and EU to identify the most important barriers to trade and investment and explore ways to increase cooperation in key industries. The outcomes of the roundtables will be subject to further scrutiny by joint policy working groups and business advocacy activities.

A partnership between: